(PLEASE NOTE:  Due to the high volume of content contained in the
 historical calendar, we will be publishing each month separately.)



 This calendar is dedicated to the teachers and schoolchildren of the Samoan Islands.






June 1:

 On June 1, 1919, the value of American Samoa's Samoan Hospital Fund was reported as $13,976.33. (Bryan 1927: 74-75)

  On June 1, 1948, Western Samoa's new flag was raised ceremonially for the first time, and was flown together with the New Zealand flag in Apia. (Davidson 1967: 191)

 On June 1, 1962, Western Samoa celebrated its independence (which was achieved on January 1, 1962) on this date, because of better weather. This practice continues today. (Siers 1970: 15)

June 2:

On June 2, 1927, the Honorable William Nosworthy, New Zealand's Minister of External Affairs, arrived in Apia to assess the causes of rising tensions between Western Samoa's Administrator, Sir George Richardson, and the Mau. (Field 1984: 86-87)

June 3:

On June 3, 1917, the German steamer Elsass, after being towed to Pearl Harbor by USS Ajax, was turned over to U.S. Naval authorities in Hawaii. (Please refer to the entries for August 6 and 12, 1914 and April 7, 1917). (Bryan 1927: 50)

June 4:

On June 4, 1896, President Grover Cleveland appointed William Churchill III as U.S. Consul in Apia. (Theroux 1995: 104)

On June 4, 1900, Commander B.F. Tilley, Commandant, U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, issued his "Regulation No. 9-1900: Divorce." (Noble 1931: 47-48)

On June 4, 1924, Western Samoa's Prime Minister, Tofilau Eti Alesana was born Aualamalefalelima Alesana in Vaitogi, Tutuila, American Samoa, to Reverend James Alesana Fai'ivae of Leone, Tutuila and Vaoita Iosefa Mala'itai of Safune and Iva, Savai'i. (Tofilau in Sutter 1989: 159-160; Warburton 1996: 83-84)

On June 4, 1929, Mau leader Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III was released from Mount Eden jail in New Zealand, despite the attempt by Western Samoa's Administrator, Colonel Stephen Allen, to keep him imprisoned beyond his term. Tamasese was greeted by forty supporters, including his wife Ala, O.F. Nelson and Hall Skelton. (Field 1984: 142)

On June 4, 1942, the Japanese 17th Army was formed. Its mission: to capture New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa in July. Two battalions of the 41st Infantry Regiment, then fighting on Panay in the Philippines, were assigned to capture Tutuila. (Willmott 1983: 100)

On June 4, 1943, Captain Edwin Edwin Taylor Pollock, American Samoa's 14th naval governor (March 1, 1922-September 4, 1923) died of cardiac arrythmia and auricular fibrillation in Washington, D.C. (USNHC: Pollock RO)

On June 4, 1945, the Commandant of the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, Captain Ralph Waldo Hungerford, requested the immediate removal of the sono-buoys from Pago Pago Harbor from the Commander, Service Squadron South Pacific Force. (Burke 1945b: 142)

On June 4, 1997, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints opened its new office in American Samoa, above the Deluxe Cafe in Nu'uuli. A short ceremony was conducted by Brother Va'aulu Uele of the Western Samoa Presiding Bishop's Office. (Anonymous 1997e: 16)

June 5:

On June 5, 1900, the American flag was raised on Ta'u, in the Manu'a Islands. Commander Benjamin Franklin Tilley, Commandant of the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, attended the ceremony, reporting that "the natives were quite enthusiastic about hoisting the flag, and treated me with much courtesy." (Bryan 1927: 48)

On June 5, 1915, American Samoa's Governor, Commander John Martin Poyer, ended the prohibition on the sale of liquor. (Theroux 1985)

On June 5, 1934, the Burns Philp department store (now Chan Mow's department store) on Beach Road in Apia was officially opened (although the date on the front of the building said "1932."). It was built by Fred Fairman at a cost of £70,000. (Eustis 1979: 79)

On June 5, 1942, Captain John Gould Moyer relieved Captain Laurence Wild and took office as the 29th naval governor of American Samoa (until February 8, 1944). (USNHC: Moyer RO; Burke 1945b: 48)

June 6:

On June 6, 1836, a permanent staff of six London Missionary Society missionaries and their wives arrived in Tutuila on the veteran missionary ship Dunottar Castle, which anchored in Leone Bay. "The first district committee meeting was held on deck and the workers distributed throughout the group. A.W. Murray and G. Barnden were assigned to Tutuila." (Bryan 1927: 99)

On June 6, 1878, Lieutenant Benjamin Franklin Tilley, U.S. Navy, who would become American Samoa's first naval governor on February 17, 1900, married Emily Edelin Williamson. (Anonymous 1943: 1240)

On June 6, 1905, Secretary of the Navy Charles J. Bonaparte informed Commander Charles Brainard Taylor Moore that the Commission which appointed him Governor of Tutuila gave him jurisdiction over all United States possessions in Samoa. (Bryan 1927: 54; Darden n.d.: 7)

On June 6, 1938, Captain Edward William Hanson took office as American Samoa's 26th naval governor (until July 30, 1940). (USNHC: Hanson RO)

On June 6, 1945, the Commander, Service Squadron South Pacific Force gave his permission to the Commandant, U.S. Naval Station Tutuila (Captain Ralph Waldo Hungerford) to remove the sono-buoys from Pago Pago Harbor. (Burke 1945b: 142)

June 7:

On June 7, 1898, Samuel Wakefield Canan, American Samoa's 32nd naval governor (acting: September 3-September 10, 1945), was born in Altoona, Pennsylvania. (USNHC: Canan RO)

On June 7, 1904, Commander Edmund B. Underwood, Commandant, U.S. Naval Station Tutuila issued his "Regulation No. 4-1904: Customs Duties," which amended Commandant Benjamin Tilley's "Regulation No. 17-1900," of the same title. (Noble 1931: 32-38)

On June 7, 1943, Captain Edwin Taylor Pollock, 14th naval governor of American Samoa (March 1, 1922--September 4, 1923), was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery at 11:00 a.m., following funeral services "at the Church of the Covenant, 18th and N Streets, NW, Washington, D.C., with the Reverend Albert Joseph McCartney officiating." Pallbearers included retired Rear Admirals Horatio G. Gillmor, Harley H. Christy and John D. Beuret, retired Marine Corps Brigadier General Rufus Lane, and retired Navy Captains Adelbert Althouse and Chester C. Wells. (USNHC: Pollock RO)

On June 7, 1945, instructions for the removal of the sono-buoys from Pago Pago Harbor "followed by dispatch from Commander Service Squadron South Pacific Force." (Burke 1945b: 142)

June 8:

On June 8, 1867, Midshipman Benjamin Franklin Tilley (who would become American Samoa's first naval governor on February 17, 1900), graduated first in his class at the U.S. Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, and was commissioned as an Ensign with the serial number 103. (USNHC: Tilley RO; Wright-Sorensen, 12/06/1989)

On June 8, 1887, the Catholic church at Lauli'i, 'Upolu was blessed. (Heslin 1995: 47)

On June 8, 1922, the "Transportation Services of American Samoa" began. One bus ran from Pago Pago to Utulei to Leone. By 1927, the fare westward was 40 cents to Nu'uuli, 60 cents to Mapusaga and 75 cents to Leone. Eastward, the fare was 40 cents to Lauli'i and 75 cents to Faga'itua. (Bryan 1927: 111)

June 9:

On June 9, 1920, William Churchill III, former U.S. Consul in Apia and noted Pacific scholar, died at the Garfield Hotel in Washington, D.C. (Theroux-Sorensen: 02/23/94)

On June 9, 1942, the Commandant of the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, Captain John Gould Moyer, "requested 300 men for a ship repair base which was under construction." (Burke 1945b: 54 n.38)

On June 9, 1946, the second USS Tutuila (ARG-4) arrived at Galveston, Texas for deactivation. (Mooney VII, 1981: 368)

June 10:

On June 10, 1888, Elder Joseph Henry Dean, his wife Florence, and their four-month-old baby, Jasher, set sail from Hawaii on the Alameda to serve a mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day saints on the island of Aunu'u, Samoa. (Anonymous 1997a: 9)

On June 10, 1899, the "Kingship" of Samoa was vacated, and was replaced by a Provisional Government of Consuls, with Wilhelm Heinrich Solf, Ph.D. (in Philology) as Executive Director. (Kennedy 1974: 173-75; Hempenstall 1978: 32-33)

On June 10, 1901, on Tutuila, the U.S. Government purchased "Parcel No. 17: Asila and Asolelei," totalling 0.63 acres from Thomas Meredith for $9,895.68. (Anonymous 1960: 3)

On June 10, 1911, the Governor of American Samoa, Commander William Michael Crose, enacted his "Regulation No. 5-1911: Administration of Oaths and Acknowledgements and Punishment of the Crimes of Perjury and Subornation of Perjury." (Noble 1931: 65-66)

On June 10, 1919, Commander Warren Jay Terhune succeeded Commander John Martin Poyer and became American Samoa's 12th naval governor (until his suicide on November 3, 1920). Commander Terhune was the only American Samoan governor who died in office. (USNHC: Terhune RO)

On June 10, 1919, Mr. David Dykstra, Principal of the Poyer School in Anua, American Samoa, resigned. (Bryan 1927: 87)

June 11:

On June 11, 1926, the last of the relief food for the January 1, 1926 hurricane was given to the citizens of Manu'a. (Bryan 1927: 4)

On June 11, 1927, New Zealand's Minister of External Affairs, William Nosworthy, met with O.F. Nelson and other members of Western Samoa's "Citizens' Committee," which was the executive of the Mau. He branded the European and part-European (i.e. afakasi) members of the Committee as self-seeking intriguers who were attempting to undermine the Samoans' confidence in their own institutions. He said that such conduct was "nothing less than criminal, and deserving only to be dealt with as a crime." (Field 1984: 87)

On June 11, 1942, Japan's Imperial General Headquarters postponed the capture of New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa for two months. (Willmott 1983: 100)

On June 11, 1984, American Samoa's Fono (Legislature) denied Governor Peter Tali Coleman's bid for a third term. Later in the year, this decision was upheld by the High Court and the Secretary of the Interior. (Theroux 1985)

June 12:

On June 12, 1900, the Navy Department informed Commander B.F. Tilley that his regulations for the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila had been considered, and that the Department did not think that formal approval was necessary. This gave Tilley a great deal of latitude in promulgating regulations for American Samoa. (Bryan 1927: 56)

On June 12, 1901, on Tutuila, the U.S. Government purchased "Parcel No. 13: Tuaifuata," totalling 0.15 acres from Thomas Meredith, Jr. for $325.00. (Please see the entry for December 23, 1902). (Anonymous 1960: 3)

On June 12, 1941, the Judge Advocate General of the U.S. Navy informed the Chief of the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts that he had "approved the purchase of 33.3 acres of land  in Utulei Village at a cost of $53,230 for Marine barracks. The purchases were as follows:

Lutu, Taesali, Afoa and Tupua as matais$18,245  
Tavai, La'ulu, Tafoa and Tuuimau as matais 10,385
Frank Shimasaki 12,784
David J. McMullin  6,500
Solomon Koko    500
Nicholas C. King, Mrs. Nicholas C. King, and  
Nicholas C. King in his capacity as guardian of the property of Magdalena Lagarejos, Julia Lagarejos, Teresa Lagarejos, Antonio Lagarejos, Louise Lagarejos, and Peter Lagarejos    500
Burns Philp (South Sea) Company Limited    794
(Thompson 1989: 20-21)

On June 12, 1945, all of the sono-buoys in Pago Pago Harbor were reported secured. (Burke 1945b: 142)

  On June 12, 1954, Marist Father Peter Chanel, Oceania's first Catholic martyr, was "solemnly canonized" by Pope Pius XII. (Heslin 1995: 62)

On June 12, 1997, a tropical storm was detected 400 miles northwest of Tutuila. Its speed and strength increased quickly; it was upgraded to hurricane status and was given the name "Keli." The National Weather Service, KVZK-TV, and radio stations WVUV and KSBS acted quickly, broadcasting warnings to viewers and listeners. Keli eventually headed south, causing strong winds and high surfs, and causing damage in Tuvalu and Rarotonga. (Samoa News Staff 1997a: 1)

June 13:

On June 13, 1722, Dutch navigator Admiral Jacob Roggeveen, after "discovering" Easter Island and several islands in the Tuamotu group, arrived in Samoa. Roggeveen's three ships were the Arend, under Captain Jan Koster; the Thienhoven, under Captain Cornelis Bouman, and the Afrikaansche Galey, commanded by Captain Roeloef Rosendaal. They sighted Rose Atoll, which they named "Vuyle Eylandt" (Bird Island). On the following days, they sighted all of the Samoan islands, except for Savai'i, Apolima and Manono. Roggeveen named the Manu'a group the "Isles of Bouman" after Cornelis Bouman. He named Tutuila "Thienhoven Island" and 'Upolu "Groeningen Island." (Sharp 1970: 149-156; Spate II, 1983: 226)

On June 13, 1900, the Commandant of the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, Commander Benjamin Franklin Tilley, originated the idea of a Samoan Militia, which later became the Fita Fita Guard. The initial complement of 58 men were recruited and trained by Marine Sergeant Jones. (Gray 1960: 127-128)

On June 13, 1920, the steamship Main arrived in Apia Harbor to pick up German nationals who were to be repatriated by the New Zealand Administration. "Four stayed but 190, including seventy-two children, decided to go. Money and jewelry were taken as contraband of war and all deportees were issued with an allowance of 800 marks; 500 marks in rapidly depreciating paper and 300 in coin." (Field 1984: 54; Eustis 1979: 69-70)

On June 13, 1921, Henry Clay Ide, former Chief Justice of Samoa and Governor General of the Philippines, died in Barnett, Vermont. (Theroux 1985)

On June 13, 1941, Lieutenant Commander C.H. Derby, USNR, Resident Officer in Charge Samoa, sent the following telegram to the Officer in Charge, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, regarding the proposed location for the Tafuna Air Base: 
(Burke 1945b: 34-35)

  On June 13, 1997, Seuva'ai Mere Tuiasosopo Betham, judge and pioneer educator in American Samoa, passed away in Honolulu. Seuva'ai served as American Samoa's Director of Education for many years, was instrumental in introducing educational television to American Samoa, and co-authored the book Bold Experiment: Educational Television in American Samoa with Stanford University Professor Wilbur H. Schramm. (Samoa News Staff 1997b: 1, 10: Schramm and Betham 1981: passim)

June 14:

On June 14, 1791, Captain Edward Edwards, Royal Navy, commanding HMS Pandora and seeking the mutineers from HMS Bounty, sighted Ta'u. (Edwards had consigned the mutineers that he had thus far captured to an iron cage on Pandora's deck, where they were incarcerated, day and night, during the entire voyage to England. He nicknamed the cage "Pandora's box"). (Dodge 1971: 87)

On June 14, 1889, the Berlin General Act proclaimed the "independence and neutrality of the Samoan Islands" and provided for the recognition of Malietoa Laupepa as "King." (Kennedy 1974: 96-98)

On June 14, 1919, following his return from New Zealand, Mau leader O.F. Nelson writing in the Samoa Times, said that New Zealand, in taking control of Western Samoa, had accepted a task that was beyond its capabilities. As evidence, he cited the New Zealand administration's handling of the influenza epidemic and its proclamation banning the importation of liquor. (Davidson 1967: 99)

On June 14, 1927, USS Tutuila (PG-44), a Yangtze River patrol boat, was launched at Shanghai, China. She was sponsored by Miss Beverly Pollard, and was the first U.S. Naval vessel to be named Tutuila. Her sister ships, which were named after islands in American territories, included the Wake (ex-Guam), Oahu, Luzon, Mindanao and Panay, which was sunk by Japanese bombs on December 12, 1937, creating further strain on the worsening relationship between the United States and Japan. ( Mooney VII, 1981: 366; Perry 1969: passim; Silverstone 1965: 243)

June 15:

On June 15, 1791, Captain Edward Edwards of HMS Pandora, searching for the mutineers from HMS Bounty, landed on Tutuila and found buttons and clothing from the boat of Jean-François de La Pérouse's First Officer, Paul-Antoine Fleuriot de Langle, who was killed at "Massacre Bay," A'asu, Tutuila, with 11 of his crew, on December 11, 1787. (Dodge 1971: 87)

On June 15, 1887, Hawaiian King Kalakaua's ship Kaimiloa ("Explorer") arrived in Apia Harbor under the command of George Edward Gresley Jackson (late of Her Majesty's Royal Navy). (Kuykendall 1967: 335)

On June 15, 1914, the installation of a two-kilowatt radio for the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila was completed "at the summit of a steep ridge about 850 feet high, just west of the head of Pago Pago Bay." (Stearns 1914: 4)

On June 15, 1917, the 350-ton German steamer SS Staats-sekretär Solf, which had sought refuge in Pago Pago Harbor just after the beginning of World War I on August 6, 1914, and had been captured by the U.S. Navy on April 7, 1917 when the United States entered the war, was cleaned and refitted in Pago Pago and was placed on the Navy's register as USS Samoa, thus becoming the first U.S. Naval vessel to bear that name. She was armed with four 3-pounder semiautomatic guns and was used to repatriate 250 Solomon Islanders, who had been brought to the former German Samoa as indentured laborers, and whose contracts had expired. (Bryan 1927: 50)

On June 15, 1927, Western Samoa's Administrator, Sir George Richardson, issued a proclamation ordering the Mau to disband, and threatening to punish anyone for "advising or suggesting any disobedience to the Government or Faipules," and promising to deport "all non-Samoan persons who try to continue the Mau or interfere in native affairs." (Davidson 1967: 121; Field 1984: 90-92)

On June 15, 1928, USS Tutuila (PG-44) was redesignated as a river gunboat. Renumbered as PR-4, she began her shakedown cruise up the Yangtze River, from Shanghai to I'Chang, where she joined her sister ship USS Guam (PR-3) in mid-July. (Mooney VII, 1981: 366)

On June 15, 1938, Rear Admiral A.J. Hepburn, formerly CINCPAC (Commander-in-Chief, Pacific Fleet) and now Commandant of the Twelfth Naval District in San Francisco, was appointed as Chairman of the "Hepburn Board," which oversaw the Pacific Naval Air Bases (PNAB) project (Noy-3550 and NOy-4173). The PNAB contractors were the Hawaiian Dredging Company of Honolulu; the W.A. Bechtel Company of San Francisco, California; the Byrne Organization of Dallas, Texas; the Morrison-Knudsen Company of Boise, Idaho; J.H. Pomeroy and Company of San Francisco, and the Utah Construction Company (UCC) of Ogden, Utah. These companies were selected because of their experience in remote and difficult overseas locations, and because of their "can-do" attitude. The Board recommended that naval air bases be constructed or expanded at Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, Midway Island, Wake Island, Guam, Johnston, Palmyra, Kodiak, Sitka and American Samoa. The Utah Construction Company of Ogden, Utah was subsequently designated to construct the Tafuna Air Base in American Samoa. (Woodbury 1946: 39-42; 230-232)

June 16:

On June 16, 1892, Apia's Municipal President, Baron Senfft von Pilsach, "forwarded to the three powers [England, Germany and the United States] copies of the Samoa Customs Ordinance, 1892, framed in conformity with The Customs Regulation Ordinance of 1881, Fiji, altered to suit local conditions." (Bryan 1927: 35)

On June 16, 1899, "The high commissioners of the three powers, Bartlett Tripp (American), C.N.E. Eliot (British), and H. Sternberg (German)...made it 'unlawful for any person to sell, give, or otherwise dispose of, to any other person or persons, any spiritous, vinous, or intoxicating liquor of any kind, in the islands of Samoa outside the municipal district of Apia.' All offenders were to be sent, with witnesses, to Apia for trial by the chief justice." (Bryan 1927: 93)

On June 16, 1914, Admiral Graf (Count) Maximilian Johannes Maria Hubertus von Spee, Commander of the German Navy's Asiatic Squadron, began his inspection tour of Germany's Pacific possessions. He was due to arrive in German Samoa on July 27. (Field 1984: 1)

June 17:

On June 17, 1927, an article in the Samoa Times reported that New Zealand's Minister of External Affairs, William Nosworthy, had recommended that the Samoa Act of 1920 be amended to deport disaffected Europeans and afakasi (a threat clearly aimed at Mau members O.F. Nelson, Edwin Gurr and Alfred Smythe). (Davidson 1967: 121; Field 1984: 90-92)

On June 17, 1929, Western Samoa's Chief of Police, Arthur Braisby, issued an instruction which said that "all European police on duty will carry loaded revolvers and ten spare rounds of ball cartridges in addition to baton and handcuffs. All men off duty will at all times carry batons, out of sight, and have their revolvers where they can be quickly and readily got at." (Field 1984: 141)

On June 17, 1944, the control tower at Western Samoa's Faleolo Airfield was secured (i.e., closed) except for emergencies. (Burke 1945c: 79)

On June 17, 1961, Rear Admiral Thomas Francis Darden, American Samoa's 34th (and last) naval governor (July 7, 1949-February 23, 1951), passed away. (USNHC: Darden RO)

On June 17, 1967, Rear Admiral Vernon Huber, American Samoa's 33rd naval governor (April 22, 1947-June 15, 1949), was pronounced dead on arrival at the El Camino Hospital, Los Altos, California. (USNHC: Huber RO)

June 18:

On June 18, 1835, the first Wesleyan (Methodist) mission was established on Manono was established on Manono by the Reverend Peter Turner. (Theroux 1985)

On June 18, 1888, Elder Joseph Henry Dean established the first branch of  the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints ("Mormon" church) at Leone, Tutuila. (Bryan 1927: 107)

On June 18, 1892, the U.S. Government purchased two unnumbered parcels of land for the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila listed as "Naval Station Proper" (also known as the "Sherwood Claim"), totalling 121 acres, from "Christopher Atwell Harris & James McFarlane" for $1,460.00, and the "National Bank of New Zealand & Robert Thomas Chatfield, et ux" for $290.00." (Anonymous 1894: 13; Anonymous 1960: 3)

On June 18, 1943, the Seabees' 11th Construction Battalion was replaced by the 506th Construction Battalion Maintenance Unit (CBMU), and moved to New Caledonia. (Denfeld 1989a: 36)

On June 18, 1947, the U.S. Secretaries of State (George C. Marshall), War (Kenneth C. Royall), Navy (James Forrestal) and Interior (Julius C. Krug) recommended to President Harry S. Truman that responsibility for American Samoa, Guam and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands be transferred from the Navy Department to the Department of the Interior at the earliest possible date. (Darden n.d.: ix; Gray 1960: 258)

June 19:

On June 19, 1925, the Catholic church at Falefa, 'Upolu, Western Samoa "came into use." (Heslin 1995: 59)

On June 19, 1936, the Catholic church at Falefa, 'Upolu, Western Samoa, which had been in use for eleven years, was officially dedicated. The delay was "due to the 'great depression,' which frustrated financial life in Samoa during this period." (Heslin 1995: 59)

On June 19, 1945, at the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, "all harbor [sono-buoy] detection personnel were declared available [for duty elsewhere], which closed the activity." (Burke 1945b: 142)

June 20:

On June 20, 1854, Harry Jay Moors, businessman, author, editor, friend of Robert Louis Stevenson, and founder of Samoa's Moors family, was born in Detroit, Michigan. (Theroux 1985)

On June 20, 1906, Commander Charles B.T. Moore, Governor of American Samoa, issued his "Regulation No. 4-1906: Protection of Pigeons and Doves." This edict was amended on January 3, 1910 by Governor John F. Parker and on May 10, 1921 by Governor Waldo Evans. (Noble 1931: 66)

On June 20, 1927, in Apia, a policeman overheard Mau member Tamaseu Taifau telling a friend that the Mau would not obey the Government's orders, would not search for rhinoceros beetles, would not pay taxes, and would not attend district meetings. He was arrested, convicted of breaking the Maintenance of Authority Ordinance, and sent to jail for a year. (Field 1984: 92-93)

On June 20, 1936, New Zealand's Governor General, Viscount Galway, formally remitted the balance of Western Samoan Mau leader Olaf Nelson's exile, thus enabling him to return to Samoa. (Field 1984: 213)

On June 20, 1952, Phelps Phelps completed his term as American Samoa's first appointed civil governor (since February 23, 1951). (ASG: Governors' List)

June 21:

On June 21, 1888, Joseph, Florence and Jasher Dean "were warmly welcomed" to the Latter-Day Saints mission on Aunu'u by Samuel Manoa and his wife Fa'asopo. (Anonymous 1997a: 9)

On June 21, 1900, the American flag was raised at Leone, Tutuila, and Naval Station Commandant Benjamin F. Tilley wrote that "the natives of Leone have been very anxious to have a flag and show great interest in the new government." (Bryan 1927: 48)

On June 21, 1919, when a New Zealand Royal Commission arrived in Apia to investigate the influenza pandemic, an article in the Samoa Times reported that "the official death count was set at 7,542 out of a population of 30,636," or 24.62 per cent of the population. (Ala'ilima 1988: 153-154)

On June 21, 1941, construction of an antisubmarine net across Pago Pago Harbor was begun. (Burke 1945b: 30)

On June 21, 1943, the U.S. Navy Seabees' "Second Construction Battalion boarded the U.S.S. Couch and departed from Uvea, Wallis Islands at 1700" for duty in American Samoa. (Anonymous n.d. B: 3)

June 22:

On June 22, 1911, on Tutuila, the U.S. Government purchased "Parcel No. 52: Lighthouse Site, Steps Point," 5.11 acres, from "Faumuina" for $300.00." (Anonymous 1960: 4)

On June 22, 1914, at the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, "a communication dated May 26, 1914, allotting $2100.00 was received. From June 23, 1914 to June 30, 1914, 74 signals were erected. The quantity of work accomplished between these dates was enormous, and was done under most trying conditions of weather and topography, as will be shown in the monthly report of progress made by the officer in charge, Lieutenant Beall, U.S. Navy." (Stearns 1914: 8)

On June 22, 1919, Mr. W.M. Green arrived in American Samoa to assume his duties as Principal of the Poyer School in Anua. (Bryan 1927: 87)

June 23:

On June 23, 1919, Mr. W.M. Green replaced Mr. David Dykstra as Principal of the Poyer School in Anua, American Samoa. (Bryan 1927: 87)

On June 23, 1941, the Commandant of the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, Captain Laurence Wild, requested that the Marine Corps' 7th Defense Battalion maintain gun watches at the batteries on the Governor's Landing and Goat Island during the hours of darkness as "a special means of harbor defense." (Burke 1945b: 30)

On June 23, 1943, the U.S. Navy Seabees' Second Construction Battalion arrived in American Samoa from Uvea, Wallis Islands aboard USS Couch.  (Anonymous n.d. B: 3)

On June 23, 1954, German-born American sailor William Willis, age 61, set sail from Callao, Peru for Australia via Samoa, aboard his balsa log raft The Seven Little Sisters. (The name referred to the seven logs). He was accompanied by his parrot "Eekie" and his cat "Meekie." (Willis 1955: 66)

June 24:

On June 24, 1904, the Commandant of the U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, Commander Edmund B. Underwood, issued his "Regulation No. 3-1904: Riding and Driving." This edict was subsequently amended by Governor Henry Francis Bryan on February 6, 1926 and June 20, 1927, and by Governor Stephen Victor Graham on January 1, 1929. (Noble 1931: 75-76)

On June 24, 1936, Western Samoa's Acting Administrator, Alfred Clarke Turnbull, revoked the order declaring the Mau to be a seditious organization. ( The order was issued by Colonel Stephen Shepard Allen on January 13, 1930). (Field 1984: 213)

On June 24, 1943, construction of the U.S. Navy's Alaska-class battlecruiser USS Samoa (CB-6), and her sister ships USS Philippines (CB-4) and USS Puerto Rico (CB-5) was cancelled at the New York Shipbuilding Yard. (Please see the entry for December 17, 1941). (Silverstone 1965: 34)

June 25:

On June 25, 1887, representatives of the United States, Germany and Britain met in Washington, D.C. to discuss the future of tripartite control in Samoa. (Bryan 1927: 31)

On June 25, 1888, Latter-Day Saints missionaries Joseph and Florence Dean, baptized the first Samoan Mormon convert, Malaia, on Aunu'u. (Theroux 1985)

June 26:

On June 26, 1917, a powerful earthquake with an an epicenter seventy miles southeast of Apia shook Samoa. "The first effects were felt at 6:23 p.m., when the inhabitants of Apia and district were startled by the vibrations which for the first few seconds caused little alarm. Buildings shook violently, iron roofs rattled, ornaments, glasses, crockery on shelves toppled and the ground rocked in a most alarming manner." "Professor Augenheister of the German-built observatory at Mulinu'u registered the quake at 8.3 on the Richter scale." (Eustis 1979: 55; Ala'ilima 1988: 134)

On June 26, 1938, Captain Edward William Hanson took office as American Samoa's 26th naval governor. (USNHC: Hanson RO)

On June 26, 1945, the "BREAKDOWN OF PERSONNEL ALLOWANCES BY FUNCTIONAL COMPONENTS U.S. NAVAL STATION TUTUILA AND CIVIL GOVERNMENT OF AMERICAN SAMOA" was as follows: "ADMINISTRATION: Nine (9) U.S. Navy Officers and fifty (50) U.S. Navy Enlisted Men; HARBOR CONTROL & DEFENSE: One (1) U.S. Navy Offcer and five (5) U.S. Navy Enlisted Men; COMMUNICATIONS: Three (3) U.S. Navy Officers and thirty-seven (37) U.S. Navy Enlisted Men, and one (1) Fita Fita; SUPPLY: Six (6) U.S. Navy Officers and thirty-six (36) U.S. Navy Enlisted Men; SHIP REPAIR: Two (2) U.S. Navy Officers, fifty (50) U.S. Enlisted Navy [sic] Men, and eight (8) Fita Fitas; MEDICAL: Fifteen U.S. Navy Officers and forty-one (41) U.S. Navy Enlisted Men; AVIATION: Eleven (11) U.S. Navy Officers, seventy-five U.S. Navy Enlisted Men, and six (6) Fita Fitas, including the Upolu Detachment of Naval Air Facility Tutuila consisting of one (1) U.S. Navy Officer and ten (10) U.S. Navy Enlisted Men; ORDNANCE: One (1) U.S. Navy Officer and one (1) U.S. Navy Enlisted Man; CONSTRUCTION & PUBLIC WORKS: Two (2) U.S. Navy Officers (Including Public Works Officer and Assistant Public Works Officer for Government of American Samoa), and thirty-nine (39) U.S. Navy Enlisted Men; MINECRAFT & ANTI-SUBMARINE VESSELS: (Three (3) U.S. Navy Officers and twenty-four U.S. Navy Enlisted Men (One Vessel); SERVICE VESSELS: Five (5) U.S. Navy Officers and twenty-nine (29) U.S. Navy Enlisted Men (One Vessel); FITA FITA GUARD & BAND: In accordance with reference (f), the Fita Fita allowance is limited to one hundred forty-two (142). A complete distribution of the Fita Fitas among the various functional components is not available at this headquarters." (Burke 1945b: 18-21)

On June 26, 1988, Agnes Genevieve "Aggie" Grey, QSO (Honorary Companion of the Queen's Service Order for Community Service), Western Samoa's legendary hotelier, passed away, aged 90 years and 8 months. (Warburton 1996: 28-29)

June 27:

On June 27, 1887, William Cox, the gunner from Hawaiian King Kalakaua's ship Kaimiloa, and three other crew members were arrested for mutiny by Apia's Municipal Magistrate, Otto Martin. (Kuykendall 1967: 336; Theroux-Sorensen 02/23/94)

On June 27, 1902, Captain Uriel Sebree, Commandant, U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, issued an order requiring that the masters of all cargo vessels leaving American Samoa for "ports of the United States or its insular possessions be required to declare a manifest of all cargoes taken on board at the port of Pago Pago for such ports." (Noble 1931: 45)

On June 27, 1907, Commander Charles Brainard Taylor Moore, Governor of American Samoa, issued his "Regulation No. 5-1907: Adoption of Children." (Noble 1931: 20-21)

On June 27, 1929, an article in the New Zealand Samoa Guardian estimated the number of taxpayers in Western Samoa at 9,325 for the period 1927-1928. (Davidson 1967: 133)

On June 27, 1929, Tupua Tamasese Lealofi III returned to Samoa aboard the vessel Tofua, following his exile and imprisonment in New Zealand for Mau-related activities. "...before he was allowed to land an official presented him with a summons for the same taxes he had not paid and for which he had already served six months in prison." (Field 1984: 142)

On June 27, 1964, William Willis left Apia for Australia, on the second leg of his journey aboard his second raft, Age Unlimited, which began in Callao, Peru, after a seven-month respite in the United States. (Willis 1966: 175)

June 28:

On June 28, 1887, after the Kaimiloa mutineers were arrested in Apia, Captain  George E.G. Jackson was found drunk at Matafele, and was "assisted" to a meeting with German Consul Becker, repeatedly tripping on his sword (according to Harry J. Moors, who sold him a case of whiskey). (Theroux-Sorensen 02/23/94)

On June 28, 1890, Thomas Calloway Latimore, the 22nd naval governor of American Samoa (acting: April 10-April 17, 1934), was born in Chattanooga, Tennessee, the son of Thomas Calloway and Elizabeth Vernon Spears Latimore. (USNHC: Latimore RO)

  On June 28, 1906, "Congress provided for the acknowledgement of deeds in American Samoa, to be attested by the certificate of the governor." (Bryan 1927: 55)

On June 28, 1955, Catholic Bishop John Paul Dieter, Vicar Apostolic of Samoa, passed away in Auckland, New Zealand. (Heslin 1995: 63)

June 29:

On June 29, 1884, Bishop Jean-Armand Lamaze, Vicar Apostolic of Central Oceania and Administrator of Samoa, blessed the cornerstone of "the actual Cathedral of Apia" at Mulivai. (Heslin 1995: iv)

On June 29, 1905, Commander Charles Brainard Taylor Moore, Governor of American Samoa, issued his "Regulation No. 6-1905: License of Dogs," and "License and Registration of Stallions and Bulls."(Noble 1931: 39-40; 44)

On June 29, 1942, the attack transport USS Heywood (APA 12), displacing 14,000 tons, stopped in Pago Pago Harbor to unload mail. (Bearss 1978, 1981: 34)

On June 29, 1943, the Commander, South Pacific Force of the United States Pacific Fleet forwarded to the Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet (Admiral Chester W. Nimitz) his plan for "Base Development--Upolu." (Burke 1945c: 48-54)

June 30:

On June 30, 1907, it was reported that "over 30 miles of fairly good roads, requiring bridges" had thus far been built in Amrican Samoa." (Bryan 1927: 78)

On June 30, 1908, the Papatea School was opened at Ta'u, Manu'a. Vaega, a London Missionary Society pastor, was the only teacher. (Bryan 1927: 81)

On June 30, 1914, there were, "in addition to village pastors' schools, 8 recognized schools in Tutuila; 6 were sectarian, 2 island government, 3 were for boys, 3 for girls, and 2 for both boys and girls. These schools were being taught by a teacher from the United States, by Catholic Marist Brothers, by Catholic Marist sisters, by representatives of the London Missionary Society, and by Mormon elders." (Bryan 1927: 85)

On June 30, 1926, American Samoa's Department of Public Health listed 38 naval personnel and 26 Samoan nurses on its roster. There were four branch dispensaries at Leone, Amouli, Ta'u and Ofu. (Bryan 1927: 68)

On June 30, 1926, in its End-of-Year Report for Fiscal Year 1926, American Samoa's Department of Public Health recorded the following diseases: bronchitis: 1,030 cases; acute catarrhal fever: 16; acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis ("pinkeye"): 1,022; dengue fever: 2; acute entercolitis: 136, erysepilas: 1; filariasis: 484; gangrene: 1; simple influenza: 6; ascariasis: 1,875; uncinariasis: 40; leprosy: 2; measles: 1; pneumonia: 47; skin diseases: 250; tetanus: 3; tonsilitis: 9; tuberculosis: 72; typhoid fever: 11; gonorrhea: 2; whooping cough: 35, and yaws: 652. (Bryan 1927: 71-73)

On June 30, 1934, the "Map of U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, Samoa, Showing Conditions on June 30, 1934" (the last day of Fiscal Year 1934) listed 67 Navy buildings and other structures and "Total Land Owned by U.S. Govt." as 159.26 acres. (Dickerman 1934)

On June 30, 1940, the "Map of U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, Samoa, Showing Conditions on June 30, 1940" (the last day of Fiscal Year 1940) listed 80 Navy buildings and other structures and "Total Land Owned by U.S. Government" as 159.27 acres. The area of the Naval Station Proper was 38.35 acres. (Groder 1940)

On June 30, 1942, 5,074 U.S. Marines were stationed in Western Samoa. (Thompson 1990: 24)

On June 30, 1942, USS Heywood (APA 12), a 14,000-ton transport,  arrived in Apia, and disembarked the 1st Battalion, 22nd Marines. (Bearss 1978, 1981: 34)

On June 30, 1942, the Navy Base Report for Tutuila stated that the sailors and Marines "had two bowling alleys, but not enough room for athletic fields; a recreation center had been approved, but not yet built. Mail delivery was irregular, arriving roughly every three weeks...The acute shortage of cooking gear was blamed on the necessity of dividing the Marines into many small camps, where they could not be served by large central mess halls. Tarpaulins, needed as protection for just about everything against the incessant rainfall, were also scarce. The lack of tarpaulins contributed to the deterioration of supplies and equipment, particularly electric gear. Trucks, jeeps and other motorized vehicles were also scarce, and the Marines were borrowing trucks from the contractors to unload supplies. In 1942, the 2nd Marine Brigade established a recreation center with facilities for for forty-two men at a time, so that those stationed in outlying posts could come in now and then and enjoy billiards, ping pong, cards, movies, and so on." (Hudson 1994: 34)

On June 30, 1943, the "Map of U.S. Naval Station, Tutuila, Samoa, Showing Conditions on June 30, 1943" (the last day of Fiscal Year 1943) showed 141 Navy buildings and other structures. Areas were the same as in 1940. (Pendergrass 1943)

On June 30, 1943, 2,235 Navy and Marine Corps patients had been sent from American Samoa to the United States since October 1, 1942. 1,265 of these were infected with filariasis. Marine Corps Headquarters and the Navy's Bureau of Medicine developed a program for the treatment of such tropical diseases as filariasis and malaria, and established "a special treatment center in the mountains above Klamath Falls [Oregon]. A Navy survey team found this site to be not only healthy in terms of climate but the surrounding community was known as friendly to the military. This friendly attitude of the town would be a plus in the building of the men's morale. These were patients who had heard unfounded rumors of deformities, and feared social stigma." (Burke 1945b: 54; Burke 1945c: 77 n.22; Denfeld 1989a: 37)

On June 30, 1949, the Navy Department provided the United Nations with these population figures for the Territory of American Samoa: 1900: 5,659; 1920: 7,776; 1926: 8,676; 1930: 12,908; 1945: 16,493; 1949: 18, 353. (Thompson 1990: 26)

On June 30, 1949, the "Map of U.S. Naval Station Tutuila, Samoa, Showing Conditions on June 30, 1949" (the last day of Fiscal Year 1949) listed 129 Navy buildings and other structures. The area of the Naval Station had increased to 81.25 acres. (Smith 1949)

On June 30, 1949, American Samoa's 29th and 30th naval governors, Rear Admiral John Gould Moyer (June 5, 1942-February 8, 1944) and Captain Allen Hobbs (February 8, 1944-January 27, 1945) were placed on the Navy's retired list. (USNHC: Moyer RO; Hobbs RO)


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